Blue Sapphire Beads – The Royal Choice

Kate Middleton got engaged with a beautiful blue sapphire ring. Did you know that you could incorporate this beautiful stone into your life with blue sapphire beads, cut stones or even cabochons? We take a look at these royal blue gems.

Blue sapphire beads are available in almost all colors of blue. From a rich dary inky blue these stones also occur in pale ice blue, appealing to almost every choice a person may have. Belonging to the gem family of corundum, blue sapphire beads are not in any danger of breaking or chipping as corundum is an extremely hard substance. In fact it is second only to diamond in hardness. So rest assured that apart from being beautiful your blue sapphire beads are guaranteed to be tough as well. Beauty and strength, what a combination! Ranging from two to five mm in diameter blue sapphire beads can be worn as a single strand or as several twined together.

Blue sapphire beads can be bought in different shapes. The most common and definitely the most popular shape are of course round. Another variation of the round bead is roundel, which is slightly flattened at the ends where the holes are situated. Roundels may be smooth or faceted. However faceted beads reflect more light and hence faceted roundel beads are more popular. Other shapes are asymmetrical shapes called as tumbled beads.

Star sapphires in cabochon shapes are much sought after. In these stones, a four or six rayed star appears on the surface of the stone if it is kept under a single strong source of light.

Interesting facts
Ceylon sapphires and Kashmir sapphires are the most famous and the most coveted of all the blue sapphires.

Sapphire is the birthstone for the month of September and the Zodiac birthstone for the star sign Taurus.

It is said to imbibe values of truth, sincerity, commitment, and loyalty in the wearer.

However, some Indian astrologers advise against wearing this stone as it is believed to bring either extreme prosperity or extreme misfortune and so the astrologers advise against taking the risk.

In the west though this stone is extremely popular, and after Prince William proposed to Kate Middleton with this stone, it has become moreso.

If you adored Catherine’s ring, chances are you adored her dress and shoes too! With a wonderful blue-sapphire ring, you can complete your own Princess outfit.

Aquamarine Beads – Aqua-Cool-Marine

Aquamarine is from the gem family of Beryl, the same as emerald and morganite. Aquamarine beads, cut stones and carvings are used in jewelry extensively, as this is a stone available in abundant quantities. Ancient Romans associated this stone with Neptune, believed to be the god of the seas. As a result early sailors used to wear carved aquamarine talismans as protection against the perils of sea travel. Today it is known as the birthstone for March and when given as a gift is said to bring harmony to long standing relationships.

Aquamarine Gemstone Smooth Beads

Aquamarine beads are available in many sizes and shapes. Aquamarine beads range in size from 9 mm to 40 mm diameters in round beads. Tumbled aquamarine beads, carved ones, smooth or cabochons- all are used in jewelry. They may range in color from a vibrant aqua blue to a pale icy blue. Green tones if present are often removed by heat treatment.

Aquamarine Gemstone Faceted Beads

Like all gemstone beads, aquamarine beads too are available in a plethora of shapes and sizes. Aquamarine tubes, cubes, briolettes, carved beads, roundels, ovals and irregular shaped tumbled beads all make up a range of offerings for those interested in this beautiful stone. Aquamarine beads strung along with gold beads are used to make lariat necklaces that are all the rage as summer accessories in fashion circles nowadays.

Interesting facts
Brazil is the main producer of aquamarine, but China, India, Australia, Africa, and the United States also produce quantities of the stone.

Aquamarine stones are relatively inclusion free. This means that large flawless crystals are available which can then be cut into beautiful big stones.

In ancient times aquamarines were used to treat poisoning and for fortune telling. They were also soaked in water and this water was used to treat ailments of the heart, liver, stomach, throat and mouth.

The persisting lore of Columbian emerald beads

The world’s most beautiful emeralds are said to be Columbian emeralds. Since large stones of good quality may prove to be rather expensive for the layman, emerald beads are a smart option for those who wish to add this verdant gem to their jewelry collection. In this article we will look at the different kinds of emerald beads, their fashioning, sizes and use.

As with most colored gemstones the main factor affecting value is color. Famed emerald mines in Columbia- Chivor, Muzo and Cosquez are known for their distinctly colored yields more than anything else. Emeralds from the Chivor mine have a good blue-green color while those mined at Muzo are famed for their yellowish-green color and warm velvety appearance that is much prized amongst gem-collectors.

But no matter what the shade of color; Columbian emeralds are in a class of their own. Although it may prove somewhat difficult to source Columbian emeralds that fit exactly into the color descriptions given above, many good quality stones exist in varying shades of green. Light, transparent varieties and bright, pleasing leaf green colored emeralds make charming additions to any jewelry collection. Deep forest green and a dewy bottle green too are acceptable colors for emerald beads. Commercial websites selling emeralds cut stones and beads may classify color as light, medium and dark green.

Shapes and sizes
Columbian emerald beads are available in several shapes including roundels (beads that are somewhat spherical but with flattened sides where the drill holes pass through), spheres, faceted round or smooth beads, faceted oval or rectangular beads and irregular shaped tumbled beads. Round beads range in size from 6 to 9 mm and are available in strands that range in different length combinations. Stands may measure in at 14 to 19 inches, 15 to 18 inches and may go up to 24 inches. Sugar-loaf cabochons (square shaped stones with a ‘sugar-loaf’ like domed top), oval cabochons and lozenge shaped emerald beads are also popular amongst jewelry designers and gem enthusiasts.

Emerald carvings are stones that are not usually drilled but carved in various fashions. Geometrical designs, floral patterns and traditional motifs are carved onto the stones surface with great care. Carvings can be as small as 6X3 mm in size and go up to 25X23 mm. They can be obtained in multiples and individual pieces may also be sourced.

Though durable, emeralds have a reputation for being brittle. Cleaning, wearing and storing of emeralds therefore should involve a degree of cautiousness and care. Avoid sudden jolts, sharp taps and extreme changes of temperature to your emerald set jewelry. Always remove rings, earrings and bracelets before using hot appliances, strong detergents and household cleaning liquids. Store your jewelry separately in a proper jewelry box or bureau and segregate each piece with a tissue or cotton wool. Have beaded emeralds restrung at least once every two years and ensure there is a knot between two stones so as to prevent them from rubbing against each other.

Never put emeralds in an ultrasonic jewelry cleaner. Warm water and the mildest detergent you can find along with a soft brush are enough for a regular cleaning. Always dry your jewelry gently after cleaning it.

Different Shapes of Ruby Beads

Just as rubies from across the globe occur in various shades of red so also they are cut in a dazzling array of shapes and styles. Ruby beads are faceted, smooth, cut as roundels or tubes. There are also ruby carvings and briolettes. In this article we will examine all the different types of fashioning for this versatile gemstone and also impart advice on what quality parameters to look for while purchasing these gems.

Ruby- an introduction
Rubies, as we all know, are extremely durable gemstones that belong to the family corundum. In addition to the faceted stones that are widely used in rings and earrings, ruby beads are also available in the market. Due to its toughness and resilience to scratches and breakage ruby is an ideal material that can be cut, polished, drilled as beads in various ways. There are smooth ruby beads and striated (carved with parallel lines etched along their length) ones, tumbled (smooth but slightly irregular rectangle or lozenge-shaped) or faceted ruby beads. Ruby carvings, drops, briolettes and graduated strands are also some of the different ways a ruby is fashioned. Of course beautiful, warm tones of the color red also make it a material that is extensively used in jewelry of different kinds.

Ruby Strands
Ruby strands are made up of matched and sorted beads of almost the same color and size. Colors may be denoted as dark, medium or light red. Calibrated beads- smooth or faceted may range from a tiny 2 mm to 4.5 mm in diameter. Strands are also measured by their length in inches. Some of the length combinations are 16 to 19 inches, 19 to 21 or 22 inches, so on and so forth. The strands may be single or multiple lines- and consumers can choose as per their requirements. Strands are typically made up of round or roundel shaped beads (roundels are spheres with slightly flattened sides where the drill-holes pass through.) While buying ruby strands you may want to note the uniformity in color of the beads and also in sizes. Check for loose or uneven stringing that may cause the stones to scatter if not handled properly. Strands are used to make multiple-lined necklaces and bracelets; they may also be used simply by themselves or singly to suspend a pendant or a neckpiece.

Faceted Ruby Beads
Faceted ruby beads are those that have been cut, ie; ‘faceted’ to reflect the stone’s natural fire and brilliance. On average faceted beads are round but may also be available in other shapes such as lozenge, cube or tube forms. While purchasing faceted ruby beads it makes sense to examine the line closely with the help of a 10X loupe or magnifying glass. Check for uneven facets, their sharpness and how the facets add to the brilliance and luster of the stone. Faceted beads may be used by themselves as a necklace, or in combination with metal beads to make exclusive pieces of jewelry.

Carved Ruby beads
These are beads carved with simple radiating or parallel lines or may have more complex designed etched on their surface. Carved beads are usually used to flank or accent a larger centerpiece in jewelry or may be added to lariats or wire-wrapped neckpieces by themselves. Carved ruby beads may be bought in different sizes ranging from 6 to 13 mm up to 11 to 17 mm.

Ruby Carvings
Ruby carvings are flat or three dimensional pieces of ruby that have been carved with geometric or life-form inspired motifs, they are usually not drilled. Birds, butterflies, leaf and flower patterns are some of the carvings that are incised onto the surface of rubies. Look for ruby carving beads that are cleanly engraved and inspect closely for chips that may have occurred during the carving process. Carvings are mostly set in gold or silver and serve as centerpieces in necklaces or bracelets.

Ruby Briolette
A briolette is a teardrop shaped stone cut with triangular or kite-shaped facets. Victorian jewelry displayed abundant use of this type of fashioned gemstone. Nowadays briolettes are used in chandelier earrings and as end-pieces in the fringe of elaborate neckpieces. Ruby briolettes beads may be drilled through or half-way through or remain intact- depending on its intended usage. On occasion briolettes may also be referred to as carved ruby drops in manuals, sale catalogues and websites selling these.

Ruby Drops
Ruby drops may be smooth, faceted or carved. Like briolettes they are pear-shaped though they may be flattened in some instances. Drops are available in different sizes ranging from 5.50 to 13 mm up to 9.5 to 15.5 mm and all denominations in between these sizes. Their colors may vary from dark, through medium to light red. Unlike briolettes that are drilled through along their length, ruby drops are drilled across the narrowest part of the drop.

Ruby Facts

Rubies have been used in fine jewelry since ancient times. Rajas and royalty have adorned themselves with spectacular cabochons and cut stones evidence of which can be witnessed even now in the Crown jewels of many states. However you do not have to belong to royalty or peerage to own these beautiful gems. These stones can be bought by anyone who fancies these red beauties at retail or online. This article takes a look at all there is to know about the king of gemstones. And gives some tips as to how you can add these gems to your jewelry collection.

We have all heard lore about ruby and its desirability in advertisements, from friends, from your family jeweller or read about it. And one word is sure to have come up in all these discussions about rubies- Burma ruby.

smiIMG_7587What is a Burma ruby?
Originally the term Burma ruby referred to all rubies mined in Burma. Rubies from this locality had an exceptionally fine color (deep red with a tinge of blue, also known as pigeon’s blood red). However rubies are also mined in Tanzania, Madagascar, Mozambique, Thailand, Cambodia, Nepal, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Vietnam and Greenland. Over time the trade came to address all rubies of a fine color as Burma ruby. Burmese rubies are of course valuable in their own right but this is not to say that rubies from these other localities are any less valuable or beautiful.

Ruby in India
For many years India has been the world’s biggest supplier of ruby cabochons and star rubies, of late facet grade stones are also reported to have been mined in certain localities. These localities include districts in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

So which is the ideal ruby? With gemstones it is very difficult to estimate value, since no universally accepted grading system exists for them unlike diamonds. The three basic criteria here are; color, clarity and carat.

Color: Rubies of a bright traffic signal red are the most desirable. Various variations of this shade are acceptable as long as they fall in the category ‘red’. Stones that are more pink rather than red are called pink sapphire and not ruby (ruby and sapphire belong to the same gem family ‘corundum’).

Clarity: Gemstones generally have some imperfections within them that are known as ‘inclusions’. The cleaner the gem the more expensive it is. However it is extremely rare to find a ruby completely free of inclusions. Look for a ruby which has minimal inclusions that do not take away from the beauty of the stone.

Carat: The heavier the stone the more expensive it is. Rubies of above 3 carats are extremely rare and command a huge premium.

Cut: Rubies are cut in many styles: faceted, cabochons (smooth-topped stones with flat bases), briolettes and ruby beads all make up an exciting array of scarlet glory.
Generally speaking, faceted stones are the most expensive followed by cabochons and then beads.

Owning a beautiful faceted ruby may be the heart’s desire of many of us but such a stone may be rare to find and expensive to boot. So how does one appease the gem lover in you? Ruby cabochons and beads may be the answer.

Ruby strands worn on their own or strung along with other beads make for great conversation-starters (Fig 1). Ruby bead necklaces using graduated beads worn either singly or in several layers too look rich (Fig 2). Many jewelry designers use ruby briolette beads to finish off plain gold necklaces with fringes or suspend heavy gold pendants from several ruby strands (Fig 3). Such necklaces, reminiscent of bygone eras in rustic eastern kingdoms can add a touch of mystery to any party outfit.

Where to buy them
Wholesale ruby beads are available online at many stores. These stores also offer opportunities for retail buyers to shop online. You can view their stock online and request for prices, some of them also display their prices online. Genuine ruby beads- whether they are faceted, roundels, drops or drum-shaped are always a style statement- no matter if they are Burmese rubies or not!

How to Buy Certified Diamonds

Buying diamonds is no longer restricted to the very rich. The opening up of world markets, access to the internet and the discovery of several diamond mines in the world have all made buying a diamond within the grasp of the common man. However it is very easy to get confused, cheated or duped while buying diamonds. To protect oneself from such unpleasantness one has to make sure they buy certified diamonds. The first basic step in knowing how to go about buying a diamond is to know the parameters of a diamond. We all have read about the four Cs from time to time, what exactly are they and how do you decode the certificate your chosen diamond may come with?


The cut is not the shape of the diamond like round brilliant, pear, marquise or oval cuts. Rather it is the proportions to which the diamond is cut. It is the only man-made cut out of the 4 Cs and the overall appearance of the diamond depends on it. The amount of ‘fire’ or the brilliance of the diamond depends on how well it is cut. The Gemmological Institute of America (GIA), who invented the 4cs, grades diamond cuts as Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair and Poor. Diamonds with a cut grade of Good and very good are generally good value for money.


Color in diamonds is graded on the scale of D to Z, with D being totally colorless and considered top-quality. However it is very rare and usually there is not much difference for the layman in colors D, E and F. Colors G to I is the point where the human eye begins to perceive a slight tint of color (either yellow or brown). Commercially, G-H grade diamonds are used extensively in jewelry and this is acceptable. However if you really want to go for high grades an E-F color grading is just your thing.


Every diamond has some kind of impurity or imperfection in it. These could be crystals, fractures, naturals, pits or myriad other ‘inclusions’ as they are called. Clarity grades range from F- Flawless to I3- heavily included. See note below for the complete chart. Generally VS-SI diamonds are good value for money and the normal person, without a jeweler’s loupe can hardly detect the exact grade or quality of a diamond. If one does really prefer a higher grade VVS is as good a grade as any. Buying F or IF diamonds is not really worth the extra money.

Carat Carat denotes the weight of a diamond.1 carat is equal to 0.2 grams, or 1 gram is equal to 5 carats. The carat is divided further into 100 points or cents. So a 25 cent diamond means 0.25 cts, a diamond weighing one carat and 33 cents is denoted as 1.33 cts. Diamond prices jump drastically at certain weights for example a 1.00 carat diamond will cost considerable more than one weighing 0.98 cents. Similarly one weighing .49 cts will cost less than a 0.50 cent stone. Note: Carat is not too confused with Karat, which is the unit denoting the purity of gold.

Other terms that you might come across in a diamond certificate are polish and symmetry. These two are self-explanatory terms and are rated as excellent, very good, good, fair and poor.

Note that the certificate should be from a reputed gemological laboratory such as the GIA, CIBJO, AGS (American Gemological Society), EGL (European Gemological Laboratories) and IGI (International Gemological Institute).

Over 20,000 Loose Diamonds (New York, NY) adds over 20,000 certified loose diamonds to its online inventory. Diamonds offered on the website are certified from various laboratories covering over 30 shapes, over 10 color ranges, and over 10 clarity specifications fulfilling most requirements of designers, retailers, and jewelry enthusiasts. Users will now be able to search by various parameters including discounts.

“Most of the diamond search available on the web cover basic shapes. Finally, we can bring you one of the most comprehensive certified diamond search engine with a diverse online stock,” says Sumeet Chordia.

Diamonds on are certified from world renowned and industry trusted laboratories. “We understand the requirements of our customers who want certified diamonds. Using the loose diamond search engine they can view certificates and access the live report check system which connects to the respective laboratory’s database and will assure users the validity of the certificate.”

About Beacab Gems Inc. (

Beacab Gems Inc. was established in 1990 with its office located at 2 West 46th Street, in the heart of the gem and jewelry district of New York. The company caters from small to high-end jewelry designers and retail stores across the world as well as jewelry enthusiasts.

Rose Cut Diamonds Wholesale Online, a division of Beacab Gems Inc. (New York, NY) added a new collection of rose cut diamonds to its inventory. The fancy colored rose cut diamonds are available in various shapes such as cushion, oval, heart, pear, and rectangle. “Rose Cut diamonds are very popular in today’s jewelry market and they are a favorite among designers,” says Sumeet Chordia.

Visitors to can now search thru 80 pairs of rose cut diamonds filtering by various color shades and shapes. “We expect to add over 500 pairs and loose stock before the 2010 holiday season,” says Chordia.

Collection of Rose Cut Diamonds can now be viewed at

About Beacab Gems Inc. (

Beacab Gems Inc. was established in 1990 with its office located at 2 West 46th Street, in the heart of the gem and jewelry district of New York. The company caters from small to high-end jewelry designers and retail stores across the world as well as jewelry enthusiasts.

New Products Added: White Diamonds, Emerald Beads, Tourmaline Drops, and More

Beacab Gems Inc. (New York, USA) added more than 200 items to its online collection at New Items include white diamond beads, emerald beads, tourmaline drops, aquamarine beads, and various colored stone jewelry necklaces in 14kt yellow and white gold. items that have been added vary in various shades of color as well as sizes that may be suitable for designers as well as jewelry enthusiasts.

“The collection of items that we have recently added to our website will stretch our company’s range in the products that we offer to the global jewelry industry. Some of these items are from old mines that are now depleted of any gemstone material and are highly sought for by high-end designers and collectors.” says Sumeet Chordia, Head of Operations.

Several of these items will be showcased on the company’s homepage on Monday, April 26, 2010.

About Beacab Gems Inc. (

Beacab Gems Inc. was established in 1990 with its office located at 2 West 46th Street, in the heart of the gem and jewelry district of New York. The company caters from small to high-end jewelry designers and retail stores across the world as well as jewelry enthusiasts.

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New Website for Gemstone Beads Launched!

Beacab Gems Inc. (New York, USA) launches its new website for the gem and jewelry industry catering to designers, retailers, and jewelry enthusiasts across the world giving access to a large inventory in diamond, precious, and semi-precious gemstone beads, briolettes, carvings, drops, drums and various other shapes at unbeatable prices.

The website offers fast and informative access to the company’s unique inventory built over decades. "We are confident about our products, prices, and customer service throughout the sales process. When visitors come to our website they will feel confident about us, the products available, as well as the level of communication" says Sumeet Chordia, heading all operations of the website.

"Currently, only 7% of our inventory is online. We are adding over 100 to 200 products weekly and should have over 90% of our inventory by the 2010 holiday season. Our goal is to become the primary and most reliable source for diamond and gemstone beads, briolettes, cabochons, and carvings in the world because we have specialized in this area for over 20 years and we understand our products as well as the needs of our diverse customers," says Chordia.

Beacab Gems Inc. was established in 1990 by Sanjay Chordia in New York City. The company’s office is located at 2 West 46th Street, in the heart of the gem and jewelry district of New York. The company caters from small to high-end jewelry designers and retail stores across the world.

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